Glaucoma is an eye disease in which the optic nerve is damaged in a characteristic pattern. This can permanently damage vision in the affected eye(s) and lead to blindness if left untreated. It is normally associated with increased fluid pressure in the eye (aqueous humour). The term "ocular hypertension" is used for people with consistently raised intraocular pressure (IOP) without any associated optic nerve damage. Conversely, the term 'normal tension' or 'low tension' glaucoma is used for those with optic nerve damage and associated visual field loss, but normal or low IOP.
Facts about Glaucoma
Glaucoma is the second largest cause of blindness in India.
12 million people are affected accounting for 12.8% of the countries blindness.
Glaucoma is often called "the sneak thief of sight" because most of the time, it shows no symptoms until there is irreversible vision loss.
Currently, there is no cure for glaucoma; however, through
early diagnosis and treatment, the disease can be controlled before vision loss or blindness occurs.If left untreated, it will lead
For those at risk, regular eye examination is essential.
With medication and/or surgery, it is possible to halt further loss of vision. Since glaucoma is a chronic condition, it must be monitored for life.
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